Diesel particulate emissions

Diesel car particulate emissions spike up to 115% during DPF cleaning

Diesel particulate emissions

Diesel car particulate filters (DPFs) catch and collect harmful particulate emissions – but when they are periodically auto-cleaned, tailpipe emissions spike, something ignored in official EU emissions tests.

Researchers discovered particulate emissions from a Nissan Qashqai and Vauxhall Astra were between 32 percent and 115 percent over the legal limit during DPF cleaning.

Emissions of more harmful ‘ultrafine’ particulates spiked even higher, up to 184 percent.

However, NOx emissions did remain within legal limits during the tests.

Diesel particulate filter dashboard icon

Diesel particulate filters trap and store particulates produced by an engine, so they are not constantly released into the atmosphere. However, they have a finite capacity and are emptied during a cleansing or ‘burning off’ process. 

The cleaning process happens periodically, automatically, and can last for over nine miles at a time, claims lobby group Transport & Environment.

A loophole, says the group, means official tests are ignored and restated if DPF cleaning occurs during the process.

There are 45 million cars equipped with DPFs in Europe, carrying out 1.3 billion filter cleanings a year, it claims.

“These tests show that new diesels are still not clean,” said T&E emissions engineer Anna Krakinska. “In fact they are spewing out highly-dangerous levels of particles in our towns and highways everyday.”

She said the next Euro emissions standard should close the loophole and set firm limits for all pollutants.

The European Commissions should also require authorities to check cars already on the road – like the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does.

“The endgame is a standard that demands zero emissions from cars on our roads.”

A Nissan spokesman said: “All Nissan vehicles and DPF device fitted in our vehicles fully comply with today’s emissions legislation.

“We support the evolution of emissions standards as well as the WLTP and Real Driving Emissions (RDE) homologation tests and have introduced a range of drivetrains to meet them.”

3 replies
  1. Philip Knowles
    Philip Knowles says:

    Perhaps they do but my car regenerates once every 600 miles or so for about 10 minutes while on an open road at about 60mph. Compare that to the particulates which would be emitted in our towns and cities continually. Also, most of the particulates now produced are from petrol cars (as there are more of them) from tyre rubber and brake dust.

    Reply
  2. James
    James says:

    There is a simple solution to illegal DPF removal – just make the things work properly and reliably in the first place. Drivers wouldn’t go to the hassle and expense of having parts randomly torn from their expensive cars if they weren’t flawed and problematic in the first place, and I think that is called common sense, but there isn’t a monopoly of that these days as its far easier to criticise the remedial action, than tackle the real cause of the problem head on!. In the U.S car manufacturers are legally required to give 8 years / 100k mile warranties on major emissions components, if these parts fail or are flawed then the manufacturer replaces it, free of charge – exactly how it should be. Maybe some hot ‘rockin journalist needs to uncover why the UK doesn’t demand the same consumer rights as our cousins overseas have?.

    Reply

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