Volkswagen logoVolkswagen Group CEO Mattias Müller says recalls of cars affected by the emissions scandal will begin in January 2016, if German authorities this week accept the brand’s plans.

Once approval is confirmed, Müller told German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine the brand will start ordering parts from suppliers this week.

Most cars will only require a software tweak – but some others will need more extensive work. Müller said all work will be completely free of charge.

All cars affected will be repaired by the end of the year.

The estimate of cars affected has been revised downwards slightly, from 11 million cars to around 9.5 million.  “There are hopefully less,” said Müller. “But there are still far too many.”

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